The US Department of Commerce has added eight Chinese technology companies to the Entity List because of their efforts to develop quantum computing for use by China's military.American companies are barred from exporting products to members of the Entity List without the US government's explicit permission. That means they have to apply for a special license, but according to the Department of Commerce, those applications will typically be denied.The Commerce Department says these new sanctions are part of its "efforts to prevent US emerging technologies from being used for the [People's Republic of China’s] quantum computing efforts that support military applications, such as counter-stealth and counter-submarine applications, and the ability to break encryption or develop unbreakable encryption."But the sanctions didn't stop there. The Department of Commerce says it "will also restrict exports to PRC producers of electronics that the [sic] support the People’s Liberation Army’s military modernization efforts." It hasn't clarified how it will determine which exports to restrict.The Commerce Department says that "sixteen entities and individuals operating in PRC and Pakistan were added to the Entity List based on their contributions to Pakistan’s unsafeguarded nuclear activities or ballistic missile program."It also added three affiliates of the previously sanctioned Corad Technology Limited to the Entity List "due to their involvement in sales of technology from the United States and other Western nations to Iran’s military and space programs, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) front companies, and PRC government and defense industry subordinate entities."The Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology has been added to the Military End User (MEU) list "on the basis of its production of military products for a military end-user" as well. That brings the total number of companies sanctioned in some way by this most recent activity to 28.More information about these actions is available via the Federal Register.
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